As-salaam wa-alaikum, brothers and sisters.
Today’s selection concludes Surah 10, Yûnus or Jonah, verses 104-109. These verses assert that no one other than Allah can harm or benefit you and ends with a declaration that with the guidance of Allah having arrived, it is your choice to follow or not to follow.
Tafseer for this selection focuses on individual vs group faith in verse 104 and the criterion of right and wrong in verse 108.
Bis-millahi ar-rahman, ar-raheem.
In the name of Allah, most gracious, most merciful.
Say: “O people! Doubt my Deen (religion) if you will, but never will I worship those that you worship besides Allah. I worship Allah, Who has the power to cause your death, and I am commanded to be one of the believers.” I am further commanded: “Dedicate yourself to the Deen (religion) in all uprightness and be not of the mushrikïn (who associate other gods with Allah). You shall not pray to others besides Allah who can neither benefit nor harm you, for if you do, you shall certainly become one of the wrongdoers. If Allah afflicts you with a calamity, none can remove it but He; and if He intends to bestow a favor, none can withhold His bounty. He bestows it on whomsoever of His servants He pleases; He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.” 10:[104-107]
O Muhammad, declare: “O mankind! The truth has come to you from your Rabb! He that follows guidance (Right Way) follows it for his own good, and he that goes astray does so at his own risk; for I am not a custodian over you.” O Prophet, follow what is revealed to you and be patient till Allah passes His judgement, for He is the best of all the Judges. 10:[108-109]
On individual vs group faith in verse 104:
Individual Faith is good, but it is completed and strengthened by joining or forming a Righteous Society, in which the individual can develop and expand. Islam was never a religion of monks and anchorites. IT laid great stress on social duties, which in many ways test and train the individual’s character.
On the criterion of right and wrong in verse 108:
The Furqân, the Criterion between right and wrong, has been sent to us from Allah. If we accept guidance, it is not as if we confer favours on those who bring us guidance. They suffer unselfishly for us, in order that we may be guided for our own good. On the other hand, if we reject it, ti is our own loss. We have a certain amount of free will, and the responsibility is ours and cannot be shifted to the Teachers sent by Allah.
This concludes today’s episode of the 17 Verses Podcast. I hope that this selection has helped increase your understanding of the holy Qur’an just a little bit.
Thank you and be well.