As-salaam wa-alaikum, brothers and sisters.
Today’s selection is from Surah 38, Sâd, verses 41-64. These verses talk of Prophet Job, his sickness and relief by God and then close by reminding us about the rewards of paradise and the punishment of hell.
Tafseer for this selection concerns Job’s patience as contrasted with his wife’s impatience and his apparent oath to strike her in verse 44.
Bis-millahi ar-rahman, ar-raheem.
In the name of Allah, most gracious, most merciful.
Mention Our devotee Ayüb (Job), when he called upon his Lord saying: “Satan (Shaitãn) has afflicted me with distress and suffering,” and We asked him: “Strike your foot on the ground. A cool spring will gush forth. Wash and drink to refresh yourself.” And We restored to him his family and many more with them as a grace from Ourselves and a reminder for the people of understanding. We said, “And take in your hand, a little grass and strike therewith: and break not (your oath).” Truly we found him full of patience and constancy, how excellent in our service! Ever did he turn (to us). And mention Our devotees Ibrãhïm (Abraham), Ishãq (Isaac) and Ya’qoob (Jacob): men of power and vision. Surely We chose them for their special quality of keeping in mind the abode of hereafter. Certainly they are with Us; among the best chosen. Also mention Isma‘il, Al-Yas’ã (Elisha) and Zul-Kifl; all of them were among the best. 38:[41-48]
This Qur’an is but a reminder. Surely the righteous shall return to an excellent resort. The Gardens of Eden, whose gates shall be wide open to receive them. They shall recline there, calling for abundant fruit and delicious drinks; and beside them there shall be bashful companions of equal age. These are the things which you are being promised on the Day of Reckoning; this will be Our provision which will never finish. Such will be the reward for the righteous. But for the rebellious there will be an evil resort – hell, that is! In which they will burn – the worst abode. Such will it be the reward for the wrongdoers. So they will taste scalding water, festering blood (pus) and other things of the same sort. It will be said to the ringleaders: “Here are your troops being thrown headlong with you. They are not welcomed here; for they are going to burn in the hell-fire. The followers shall say to their misguided leaders: “But you! There is no welcome for you either! It was you who have brought us to this end. Such an evil abode.” Then they will pray: “Our Lord, inflict on those who brought this fate upon us double punishment in the fire.” Then they will say to one another: “But why do we not see those whom we deemed wicked and whom we used to ridicule? Or has our eyesight failed to notice them?” Surely, this is the very truth: the people in the hell-fire will argue just like that. 38:[49-64]
Concerning Job’s patience vs his wife’s impatience and his supposed oath to strike her as mentioned in verse 44:
In his worst distress, Job was patient and constant in faith but apparently his wife was not. According to the Book of Job (ii, 9-10), “Then said his wife unto him, dost thou still retain thine integrity? Curse God, and die. But he said unto her, thou speakest as one of the foolish women speaketh. What? Shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin with his lips.” He must have said in his haste to the woman that he would beat her: he is asked now to correct her with only a wisp of grass, to show that he was gentle and humble as well as patient and constant.
This concludes today’s episode of the 17 Verses Podcast. I hope that this selection has helped increase your understanding of the holy Qur’an just a little bit.
Thank you and be well.